In separate articles we have discussed how the killing of Shias in Pakistan fulfils the preconditions of genocide. Some people have argued that while it meets all the technical requirements of genocide, not ‘enough’ people have yet been killed to classify this as genocide. Though it can be debated whether or not over twenty thousand Shias killed in Pakistan suffice to qualify it as genocide, in my view acknowledging a genocide as such not only exposes the intent behind its perpetration but also plays a useful role to prevent or limit it. It is much better to do so now than wait for ‘enough’ Shias to be killed in Pakistan.
PROLOGUE: This article attempts to examine the rise of sectarian conflict in Pakistan and how it has assumed genocidal proportions in the extermination of Shias in the country. The attempts to Islamize the state after 1947 reached a high point of social transformation in 1980’s on the heady mix of Islamization and Jihad.
Iqbal’s range, quality, and quantity are truly impressive. Apart from Urdu, he also wrote prodigiously in Persian and is regarded as one of the most important poets of modern India. In addition to his indubitable genius as a poet, Iqbal is also considered by many as a very important thinker and philosopher.
The religion often distrusts rational thought because of its inability to build the essence of religious or mystical experience into a conceptual framework. However, not only can rational thought accommodate the intuitive knowledge of metaphysical reality manifested by faith but can also foster mediation between different faiths by creating a consensus around the common and essential as compared to what is parochial and local.
Our notion of what signifies the success of a person’s life is deeply subjective and steeped in our aspirations and biases. However, what is not subjective is that the transformation of a person’s life is fundamentally a result of that person’s effort. Nobody can be of much help in a man’s working upon himself and trying to break a new ground within one’s own being. It is solely up to each individual to define the import and success of his/her life, sometimes proactively and sometimes in responding to the life’s situations and choices.
In the face of negative stereotyping against Islam and Muslims in the post 9/11 world, it is very important for Muslims to return to the pluralistic vision of the Quran and establish cooperative dialogue and relations with other religions in their communities.
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